NEWS + ADVICE
Job Search Management, Getting Organized
Invest the time up front to get organized. It will speed up your job search in the long run.
Just beginning? For those of you planning to begin a job search in the new year, and thinking you have to wait until January to begin work on your search, doing the things described in this article can help you plan and move into your search more quickly in January.
Already searching? For those of you already conducting an ongoing search that has not gained much traction, or keeps falling short of getting the interview or the offer, you may spot some areas of “disorganization” that are holding you back.
There is nothing as frustrating and time wasting as not being able to locate a critical email or updated resume the nanosecond you need them, such as when a recruiter unexpectedly calls during dinner and you can’t find the customized resume you sent to her company. Or you’re all set to leave for a meeting, and then you realize you can’t find the email that contains the address of your meeting. Getting and remaining organized in seven key areas can help.
So, begin at the beginning by setting up the supporting materials and tools you will need to conduct an effective search.
- Doing so also increases your efficiency, since you can find things you need, when you need them. Resumes you sent, emails you received, and materials you filed
- It saves you time.
- It speeds things up. In just doing the activities involved in getting organized, it helps you think things through. This pays off so you can conduct a more focused, faster, and rewarding search.
Although it may not feel like it as first, this time you invest up front in preparation of your work space and job search tools is the best investment you can make in your job search. Or, if your search is ongoing and you continue to hit stumbling blocks that seem to derail your progress, going through these seven actions may help you spot the trouble spots.
Do yourself a favor, and spend the time to get organized by taking the following seven actions to organize your job search:
Action 1: Set up your Office
Action 2: Set up your Computer
Action 3: Set up your Phone
Action 4: Set up your Email
Action 5: Set up your Marketing Tools
Action 6: Set up your Portfolio
Action 7: Set up your Budget
Action 1: Set up your Office
Establish your workspace. If finding a job is a job — and it is — establish and set up your office or work space as you would to do any job. In other words, set up a work space conducive to getting the job done!
If you don’t have an actual office, I recommend that you carve out a space in your home, or facility available to you, that will be designated your office workspace for the duration of your search. It is yours and yours alone, so ask roommates, family, friends, etc. to respect your space. Your productivity will be higher and qualitatively better if you are not continuously setting up temporary work spaces, re-organizing, and endlessly shuffling through and searching for things.
You’ll need office tools to conduct and manage your search, as you would with any project. Take the time to gather office materials you’ll need to set up your workspace. Some of you are successful in a paperless environment, however many of us are not. If you are paperless or nearly so, you can still glean some organizational ideas from the concepts below:
- A desk or table with adequate surface space to spread out
- Good lighting, such as a desk lamp
- File folders and desktop file stand to hold current files you’re working on
- Comfortable chair, with good lumbar support since you’ll be spending time here
- Office supplies – Stapler, tape dispenser, paper clips, scratch pads for taking notes, color highlighters, desk file stands or trays for files, paper, envelopes, etc.
- A notebook — or 2 or 3 — that you take to all meetings to jot down information, as well as take notes during phone conversations. A notebook containing the notes of your communications, kept chronologically, will be a great reference source to refer to for keeping on top of To Do’s, writing cover, referral, and thank you letters, and to refer back to when trying to recall information. While many choose to use a computer notebook, a pen and paper notebook comes in handy to make a quick note, and is less obtrusive during a meeting. And it doesn’t cause the person you’re meeting with to wonder if you’re checking email or Facebook!
If you have the means, the additional equipment listed below can be helpful to have on hand, and save you a late-night trip to the office supply store for copying and printing services:
- Printer (many combine copying, printing, and faxing functions)
- File cabinet – Why would you need a file cabinet when most companies and network contacts request your resume and applications be sent on line? Because paper copies can still be useful. Keeping paper files can be a good back-up to your computer files, especially those items that will be helpful to show a network contact or interviewer, such as:
- Your resume (have a few copies in a file folder ready to go)
- Marketing plan
- Work examples / awards / certifications, etc.
- It may be helpful to you to also have in your file cabinet:
- Submissions to companies (in a file folder labeled with that company’s name)
- Correspondence you receive from contacts and companies
- Information you gather from meetings, conferences, and research
Make it comfortable. You’ll be spending time in your office daily, especially when you are just beginning your search and developing your marketing tools. So make it a comfortable space – one that you like spending time in.
While many people have gotten comfortable working in open spaces such as coffee shops, libraries, community work spaces, etc., there are times it is going to be more productive if you have a quiet, private space to work in. A door you can close, or at least a private space you can carve out away from the noise and hustle and bustle of your household, will be helpful as you do tasks that require:
- Concentration, for writing resumes and letters, and developing your marketing plan
- Confidentiality, as you “sell” your capabilities or negotiate compensation packages when talking with recruiters, hiring managers, and head hunters (i.e., executive search firms and employment agencies).
Action 2: Set up your Computer
Whether you are using a desktop computer, a laptop, or notebook, set up your computer to keep track of the information that will grow exponentially if you conduct a pro-active search.
Initially, you can keep up with the emails and resumes you send to two or three or even a half dozen companies and organizations. But if you are conducting a very pro-active search, that will generate a lot of correspondence to respond to and information to keep track of.
Set up your computer with file folders and label them correctly and specifically (Any paper files you set up should be labeled identically; this can be a good cross reference.) For instance, if you send a resume to a company, set up a file folder with that firm’s specific and correctly spelled name. Misspellings can get you tossed out of the competition before you even begin. All correspondence related to that company goes in that file folder.
Remember, a file folder labeled Resumes Sent won’t be very helpful when you receive a call at dinner time from a recruiter, and you find yourself sifting through dozens of resumes it contains to find THE ONE you sent to THAT recruiter!
To organize your computer, create file folders for the following typical job search categories listed below. Customize and expand your folders for your particular needs as your search project proceeds. There is no definite number or set of categories, but the following categories are typical of those needed to get and keep your search information organized and will get you going. Initially set up file folders labeled:
- Master Resume File Folder
- A master resume contains your complete professional history, so put everything you’ve ever done on it. Go back to the beginning of your work history, and work your way to the present. NO ONE WILL EVER SEE IT BUT YOU, so don’t worry if it turns out to be a lengthy document! It will save you a lot of time and angst in the long run.
- Here’s why: Each resume submission for a job today requires customization for that specific job. Starting from scratch for each submission can take a lot of time. You begin to feel that all you do is write resumes, and justifiably so. Instead, use your Master Resume as a basis for all submissions
- Here’s how to use your Master Resume: Copy it and paste it into the file of the company you are applying to. Then, delete from the resume any information that is not relevant to the job you are applying for.
- Generic Resume(s) File Folder
- There are some non-job specific activities for which you need a resume. Attending job fairs, meeting with network contacts, etc. require a resume. So have one generic resume that represents you and your skill set overall. Then, after the networking meeting or talking with recruiters at a job fair, customize your resume in relation to the needs expressed by each of the people you met with, and resend it to them.
- Letters – Templates of letters that get results File Folder
- You’ll be writing lots of letters. Cover letters, thank you letters, referral letters, letters requesting information or assistance, etc. As you develop letters that seem to work well by generating responses, insert 1 or 2 of your best into this folder and keep them as templates for future correspondence of each type of letter. It will save you lots of time in the long run.
- Marketing Plan File Folder
- Develop and keep a few copies on hand of your Marketing Plan. While its primary purpose is to give you both long-term and daily direction aimed at achieving your goal, it is also a helpful document to take to networking meetings. Viewing it will provide your contact with a quick overview and clarification of your interests, job search activity, and goal. As a result, they will be better able to assist you.
- Companies/Organizations File Folder – You have two choices:
- Set up a folder named for each company you target and apply to.
- Or, set up a general folder called “Companies/Organizations,” and within it set up sub-folders for each company you apply to or target. (I recommend this choice to keep things easier to find.)
- Network Contacts File Folder – You have two choices:
- Set up a file folder named for each network contact, or
- Or, set up a general folder called Contacts, Network Contacts, or Networking. Then set up sub-folders within it for each person you interact with whom you deem helpful and a good person to stay in touch with. (I recommend this choice to keep things easier to find.)
- Job Fairs File Folder
- Keep track of the fairs you attend, and recruiters and hiring managers you interact with. Keep names, contact information, and date(s) of interaction(s) so you can a) Thank them for their assistance, b) Have a name to send a resume to when you apply for a job in their firm, and c) Have an inside company contact you can keep updated on your activity.
- Professional Associations / Conferences File Folder
- Keep tracks of associations you find useful. They may have meetings that are informative, a website with great content, helpful people on the help desk, and / or conferences that attract top names in your field who present state-of-the-art knowledge. These associations provide you with an opportunity to meet key people in your field.
- Keep good detailed files from conferences you choose to attend. The networking alone can justify the cost. When the conference is over, get and stay in touch with contacts you’ve made, both presenters and participants as well as conference staff.
- Industry/Profession/Job Related information you acquire File Folder
- This generic catchall file is a good place to store information you deem to be helpful and that may come in handy for purposes such as writing a letter to a target company, preparing an answer for an interview question, researching folks you anticipate meeting, ensuring your terminology is current and correct, etc.
Action 3: Set up your Phone
Your phone becomes as important a management and organization tool as your computer when it comes to searching for your next position. It also serves as a marketing vehicle for you via the voice mail message folks hear when they call you, as well as messages you leave with people you call.
Most people today operate off of their cell phones. However, some people maintain both a cell and land line. It’s your choice which you prefer to use. But whichever you choose, make sure it is a reliable phone that you can depend on to receive calls, get messages on a timely basis, make calls, and comfortably talk with people.
If you have a phone or phone service that drops calls, or use VOIP and are sometimes hard to hear, figure out an alternative. Having to repeat what you or the caller is saying repeatedly gets annoying, and recruiters, hiring managers, and network contacts may just give up after a while. A good, reliable, clear phone service is one place it makes sense to invest some dollars. Your next job may depend on it.
Choose one phone number. To avoid confusion and lost opportunities, settle on one number that will become the primary phone number you give to people during your search. It should appear on any of your correspondence as well as your personal-professional business card.
Consider using Google Voice or a similar service for your job search if you’d like to keep your cell phone number private. Using this type of service also lets you know that an incoming phone call is related to your job search.
To further avoid lost opportunities, inform family members or friends that during your search this is the phone and the number you have designated for your search.
- Solo phone service: If your phone is used by you and you alone, this becomes a non-issue unless someone else may answer your phone occasionally. If they do, ask family and friends to answer politely stating that the caller has reached you (have them state your name), but you are not available, and may they take a message?
- Shared phone service: If you share a phone with other family members or friends, inform them that you will be receiving lots of calls during your search, and that how the phone is answered is critical to your success. As stated in Point 1 above, ask family and friends to answer politely stating that the caller has reached you, but you are not available, and may they take a message? Suspend the antics of the family jokester who answers the phone with fun greetings like “Joe’s Bar and Grill” until your search is over. And, work out a method to ensure that you receive your messages.
Keep it professional. Phones today can do all kinds of things, and it’s cool to have a phone whose ring tone is fun and a voice mail message that is even funnier. However, this tool needs to work for you, not against you. Minimize the chance of annoying or even offending people by keeping it professional.
Ring tone. A jarring or outrageous ring tone may be fun, but not when it goes off during an association meeting, conference, networking meeting, or interview. Remember that people are judging your professionalism from any contact they have with you, and, in many cases, are judging you with little actual knowledge of who you really are. So, don’t give them an excuse to eliminate you from their network or from the candidate pool. Set a ring tone that is simple. An old-fashioned phone ringing sound will work just fine.
Voicemail message. Same as Ring tone: Keep it professional. This is not the time for callers to hear your favorite song, your child’s voice, a message containing 4-letter words (Yes, I’ve heard them in messages of clients and candidates I’ve called in the past.), off-color or offensive jokes, your political or ideological leanings, religious messages, or controversial issues. Tell the caller (1) who they have reached, and (2) what you will do upon receiving their message. That’s it! Include in your message:
- Your full name – Recruiters and HR folks respect your confidentiality and will not leave a message if they are not sure they have reached the right person — you. For additional clarification and confirmation that they have reached the right person, some job seekers also state their phone number as part of their voice mail message. That’s fine, but don’t leave a number in place of your name. So state your name so they know they have reached you.
- The action you want them to take: What information (name, best time to call, reason for their call, information they desire from you) do you want them to provide so that you can return their call effectively and move the action forward? Not doing so can result in days of “telephone tag.”
- The action that you will take: You can assure them that you will return their call as soon as possible, or provide a time frame such as within 24 or 48 hours, etc.
- Your voice mail message could sound something like this:
- “Hello. You have reached Sarah Jamison. At the beep, please leave your name, contact number, and the reason for your call. I’ll return the call as soon as possible (Or, I will return the call within 24 hours, 48 hours, by COB next day, etc.). Thanks for calling.”
- Any additional relevant information. For instance, if you will be out of the office for an extended period of time, relay this information and some idea of when you expect to be returning calls.
Answering your own phone. Keep it professional by answering with a greeting such as:
“Hello” or “Good Morning,” and then stating your full name:
- “John Smith speaking.” Importantly, this assures the caller that they have reached the right person. This is important to recruiters and HR folks in the cleared community to whom confidentiality is important.
- The caller will then generally jump in and tell you why they’re calling. However, you can also add a phrase after your name, such as “How can I help you?” if you’d like and if it would make you feel more comfortable if this formality is a little uncomfortable.
Check it! You’ve gone to a great deal of effort to professionalize your phone image.
- Call yourself and see how your message sounds. Change it if it’s not clear or not quite right.
- Check your voice mail 2 times a day, at a minimum. All of this work and preparation is for naught if you forget to check your voice mail and miss important messages. Recruiters, and even network contacts, will call 2 or 3 times, and, if unsuccessful in reaching you, move on to the next candidate.
- Return calls as you said you would in your voice mail message. It’s important: Do what you said you would do in your message. Doing so shows your professionalism. Not doing what you said you would do detracts from your image and credibility.
Action 4: Set up your Email
Your email is next on the list of management and organization tools.
As with your phone, email also serves as a very important marketing tool via the image you project and the impression you make when one of your emails shows up on a recruiter, hiring manager, or network contact’s computer. As with your voice mail message, the reader makes an instant judgement about you and your professionalism, seriousness, and capabilities based on what they see when they receive and read your email. Misspellings and typos — especially the recipient’s name or company name, hard to read text, inappropriate images or words, inappropriate tag lines, etc. don’t reinforce the fact that you are serious about your job search and a professional they might like to work with.
Choose one email address. To avoid confusion and lost opportunities, use one email account for all of your job search correspondence. All of your job search correspondence should occur only on this account. Doing this lessens the chance for missed opportunities because all your job search-related emails go to one place. It makes checking your email a lot easier too.
- Create an email address using your name. Add a number(s) if the version you want is not available: [email protected] or [email protected]. Don’t use hobbies or other informal options. Keep it professional.
- Your email address, like your phone number, should appear on any of your correspondence as well as your personal-professional business card.
- Consider getting a newer email address for your job search if you’re using an older email service provider.
As with your voice mail message, this tool needs to work for you, not against you. Be professional:
- Learn to write a professional email. It should be clear, correctly spelled, grammatically correct with correct punctuation, and to the point!
- Save the popular abbreviations of words for your texts. Spell out the words correctly and in their entirety in your job search email correspondence. Don’t take shortcuts. Assume your emails may be forwarded such as in the case of a referral. All of your emails to contacts and companies need to read like professional letters.
- If business English is uncomfortable or unfamiliar, or English is not your first language, find an editor! Set up an arrangement with a trusted confidante to read and review your emails and other written materials you produce to ensure they are correct. Learn from what they tell you to do, and consider taking a course in business English.
- Address the recipient. The typical address, or salutation in a traditional letter, is: Dear Mr. Smith or Dear Joan. While some may choose to begin with “Hello Sam” or “Hi Sarah,” traditional and conservative keep you safe. When it comes to job search, err on the side of the conservative and traditional, until invited by the firm or contact to do otherwise.
- Keep the content succinct, relevant, and to the point. Emails that go on for pages have little chance of being read, and certainly not in their entirety. A treatise on your philosophy of work or life — don’t laugh, I’ve seen it done by candidates — while interesting won’t get the results you desire. Instead, think through what you want to achieve with your email and try to accomplish this in 3 – 5 paragraphs or less. What is your objective in sending the email? While each email should be customized, following the format outlined below should up the odds that your emails will be read:
- First paragraph: State your purpose for writing in Paragraph 1. If you are unknown to the recipient, briefly introduce yourself by name, profession, and if a referral to them, mention the name of the person who referred you. That in and of itself will get your email read.
- Paragraphs 2 – 4: The body of your email containing relevant content. For example, in a letter to a recruiter, you will want to list some key qualifications, possibly an example of your stellar work performance, some key accomplishments, and a statement or inference that your abilities could benefit the recruiter’s firm.
- Last Paragraph: State your goal in writing to them. For instance, with a recruiter or hiring manager, your goal is a meeting, opportunity to talk, or interview. With a network contact, it’s a meeting. State that you will look forward to hearing from them, but that you will also follow-up (and state when if appropriate.).
- Closing. Close your letter with a standard closing. Close with Best regards, Best, Sincerely, Sincerely yours, etc. and follow with your first name, or full name if more comfortable, underneath.
- Setting up a signature that will automatically appear on each email you send will save you lots of time, ensure consistency of content, and prevent errors and misspellings. It will provide the recipient with accurate contact information for you that they don’t have to search for. Opportunities have been lost by candidates who failed to include contact information. After a while, the recruiter or network contact just gives up looking for it. A simple signature is just fine, but should include the following information:
- Your full-name. If you go by a nickname, write your full name and insert the nickname in parentheses: Robert (Bob) Canfield, PMP, MBA. Add titles you normally use after your name.
- A generic title for your discipline: Field Engineer, Administrative Assistant, Security Analyst, Management Development, etc. This also subtly tells the recipient of an organization you target that you perform the tasks of the type of work their firm does.
- Phone number. This is your primary phone as discussed earlier.
- Email address. Yes its part of the email itself, but it’s helpful to the recipient to have all of your contact information in one place to contact you or add you to their address book. Additionally, if the email is copied or printed, sometimes content gets lost.
- LinkedIn url. If you have a LinkedIn profile – yes you should unless you’re deep in the intel community — include your LinkedIn url. Hopefully you’ve personalized the url to a shortened version of your name Contacts and companies are going to look you up on LinkedIn when they hear from you. So have a good representation of your work and professional activities on your LinkedIn page.
- Your own website. Some job seekers choose to create a website for their search, showing their job search marketing materials. It can be a very effective vehicle to show more detail about your work, your approach to work and tough assignments, etc. However, word to the wise: If you create a website, keep it current.
Check it! You’ve gone to a great deal of effort to professionalize your emails. You have a template for your signature and know what a professionally written email should look like.
- Send a test email to a friend or trusted confidante to check your signature and also see how your email appears on the page. While an email may look fine on your computer, it may translate differently so check it before you send any.
- Check your first few email letters to contacts or companies by sending them to a friend or trusted confidante to see how your text appears on the page. Ensure the type is a readable size, there is space between paragraphs, and white space sets off your text.
Action 5: Set up your Marketing Tools
Create, or revise, your job search marketing tools. To many job seekers, this means a resume, which no one would argue is an important marketing tool. But your marketing tools go way beyond a resume. It is only 1 of 6 of what I consider to be basic marketing tools, and not even the one you will actually use the most!
To begin your job search, you need to be able to (1) talk about yourself and your capabilities, (2) write about yourself, and (3) sell customers, i.e., companies, on what you can do for them! If you are prepared with the basic set of tools, you can do all three. With the basic tools prepared, you can hit the ground running, and not lose ground because you haven’t thought things through.
So, don’t walk out the door to begin your search without having developed the following basic tools:
- Elevator speech
- Business Cards
- Reference List
- Marketing Plan
- Cover Letter Template
With the basic marketing tools in hand, you have what you need to begin your search and to be able to handle any of the tasks that could come your way and manage an effective job search. You won’t find yourself stuck or unsure of what to say or do.
As your search develops, you will develop additional tools:
- Networking Plan
- LinkedIn Profile
- Thank You Letter Template
- Follow-up strategy
Action 6: Set up your Portfolio
Your professional portfolio, comprised of samples of your work, is both another critical management as well as marketing tool. Why? A portfolio allows you to put your money where your mouth is! It enables you to show proof of what you say you can do.
All job seekers make claims about their capabilities, professional experience, and results they’ve achieved. But few show any real evidence to back up their claims. A portfolio allows you to get ahead of your competition by showing evidence of your claims.
Developing a portfolio will set you apart. It’s a real competitive advantage. So, take the time to set up an electronic portfolio. You may also include these work examples on your LinkedIn profile.
What do you include? Letters of recommendation, awards, presentations, writing samples, code you’ve written, commendations, published articles and so on.
Action 7: Set up your Budget
How much does it cost to run your household or lifestyle?
Find out, before you start your job search.
Why is this important? Certainly, the obvious answer is that you need this important number to operate your life and household in a financially responsible way. Any financial coach would tell you so.
But, there’s another reason why this number is important, solely related to your job search. You need your true bottom line to negotiate your job offer’s salary or compensation package.
First, you need to know how low you can go and still operate your household and conduct your job search. Having a general idea of what you need to run your household is not nearly good enough. You need to know precisely what it costs. The number below which you CAN NOT go is your bottom line or line in the sand.
Many job seekers believe that their immediate past or current salary (if they are employed) is that number below which they can not go. IT IS NOT! Sometimes an opportunity may come along that is lower than your salary and that, in and of itself, isn’t a reason NOT to take it!
If you run a really proactive search, many opportunities will come your way. While many pay above your past or current salary, some really interesting and enticing jobs may pay below your current or immediate past salary. Some of these positions that may require a brief dip down in salary now to move ahead in your career in the future. This can be well worth it, if you can afford it. But how will you know if you don’t know your true bottom line? Without a precise knowledge of your current financial situation, you really don’t know if you can afford a salary dip in the short term in order to realize a higher salary in the long term.
Second, you need to know your true bottom line for negotiating salary increases. Doing your homework to find out what your capabilities pay in the marketplace gives you an idea of what a reasonable salary increase might be for your new job. Then, taking into consideration your financial goals for the future and what it will take in income earnings over your projected remaining years of work to achieve them, it helps you figure out what your desired optimal increase would be. And it will help you ask for it with more confidence because it is based on real calculations. Obviously keep it reasonable. But, you will negotiate more powerfully and from a point of strength when you know what your goals are, what you want, what is attainable and reasonable, what and what number you cannot go below.
Third, job searching can be expensive. There are costs associated with many aspects of conducting an effective search. These are integral to effectively managing your search and marketing yourself to achieve your goal and out-perform your competition. The costs associated with running a great job search campaign can include:
- Printing business cards
- Miscellaneous printing, such as address labels
- Basic office materials
- Paying for the coffee at networking meetings (When you invite, you pay or at least offer to pay for the coffee!)
- Professional association monthly meeting fees
- Occasionally taking a key contact out to lunch
- Travel to meetings — gas and other car maintenance expenses, public transportation fees, tolls, etc.
- Additional phone usage
- Additional computer usage
- Fee to attend a conference important to your field of work
So, do your budget. As part of your management preparation, prepare to be fiscally responsible. Doing a budget will tell you not only what your line in the sand is, but it will also tell you a lot more. It will point out areas where you may be able to reduce costs during the time of your search, especially important if you are unemployed while searching. Your budget will tell you what you can afford, what you can’t, and where you can make cuts or trade-offs in your spending.
Beginning at the beginning by taking Action, as described in Actions 1-7 sets you up for success. By way of doing the work of getting prepared and getting organized, you’ll actually appear more confident, capable, and in control — all qualities sought by employers in their employees! It just makes good sen$e! And, it will pay off in enabling you to conduct a more focused, faster, and rewarding search.
Wishing you great success.
Nancy Gober is a career strategist who has helped thousands of job seekers find employment. She’s also been a popular resume reviewer at our Cleared Job Fairs. You may reach Nancy via email at [email protected]. Follow Nancy on Twitter @AfterJobClub.This entry was posted on Wednesday, December 07, 2016 4:18 pm